Good morning, California.

“The president will travel to California this Saturday to meet with individuals impacted by the wildfires. We will keep you updated on details as they are available.”—President Trump’s deputy press secretary Lindsay Walters.

Smoke forces record school cancellations

The Capitol dome in Sacramento, Thursday afternoon.

More than 1.1 million public school students have been sent home because of California’s wildfires this week, mostly due to smoke that has rendered air quality hazardous in great swaths of the state, CALmatters’ Ricardo Cano reports.

  • More than 180 K-12 school districts from San Diego to Chico canceled classes in hundreds if not thousands of schools. The numbers don’t include private schools or colleges, several of which canceled classes, too.
  • Some large school districts, having struggled to stay open, announced that Friday classes would be canceled. Among them: San Francisco, Sacramento and Oakland school districts.

San Francisco Unified Superintendent Vincent Matthews: “We’ve heard from many staff and families across the city that the indoor air quality has worsened through the week and we want to ensure our staff and students are working and learning in healthy conditions.”

Officials could not recall another time when so many kids were out of school because of wildfires.


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Will Legislature come to PG&E’s rescue again?

PG&E transmission equipment, Butte County.

Pacific Gas & Electric Co.’s stock has recovered somewhat after California Public Utilities Commission President Michael Picker told an investor conference call that he didn’t want to see the giant Northern California utility go into bankruptcy.

  • The comment raised the possibility that the Legislature could come to PG&E’s aid when it convenes in December or January, as it did earlier this year by authorizing the utility to spread liability from 2017 fires out over decades.

Picker’s statement Thursday: “An essential component of providing safe electrical service is the financial wherewithal to carry out safety measures.”

Sen. Jerry Hill, a San Mateo Democrat and a harsh critic of PG&E, is one lawmaker who will oppose any “bailout,” saying that if the Legislature comes to its rescue, PG&E will never “learn its lesson.”

Hill: “I don’t want them to go bankrupt either but that may be the only way that we can have a safe utility.”

PG&E, meanwhile, took out $3 billion in cash by exhausting its lines of credit with various banks late on Tuesday. The cash will serve as a shield as its liabilities mount.


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What caused the Santa Rosa fire?

As investigators sift through the destruction of the deadly Camp and Woolsey fires, California state fire investigators have yet to issue their assessment of the cause of the Tubbs Fire that killed 22 people last October.

  • Pacific Gas & Electric would face significant liability if the report finds that its equipment sparked the fire.
  • PG&E would face far graver consequences if its equipment were found to be responsible for the Camp Fire, this year’s new deadliest California wildfire ever. The Camp Fire death toll rose to 63 on Thursday with hundreds missing, and is expected to grow.

Investigators have reached conclusions about the causes of other wildfires that scorched California in 2017. So why not the Tubbs Fire?

California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection Chief Ken Pimlott: “Very complex fire burning in very difficult weather conditions, winds going in multiple directions. Understand. We want that report to be exactly what it needs to be, accurate, comprehensive. … There is a lot at stake here. It will be ready to go when it’s done. We’re not going to rush that.”

If you must go outside, wear a mask

Thursday's air quality, via the website PurpleAir.com.

From Gridley to Sacramento to Alameda, Northern Californians have been breathing fine particle pollution from the Camp Fire that is two to seven times above what are considered to be healthful ranges, California air quality officials reported Thursday.

The California Air Resources Board: “Air quality has been reaching ‘unhealthy,’ ‘very unhealthy’ and even ‘hazardous’ levels in some places over the past week. Even healthy people may experience symptoms in smoky conditions or after exposure.”

The readings are for PM 2.5, particles so small that they lodge in lungs and get absorbed into blood. Anything above 35 as a daily average is considered unhealthy.

  • A monitoring station west of the Camp Fire in Gridley showed a daily average of 260.5 on Wednesday. A station in Sacramento showed a daily average of 250.
  • Thursday’s air seemed even thicker, though readings were not yet available. USA Today quoted experts as calling Northern California air quality the worst in the world . That includes heavily polluted industrial cities in India and China.

Readings in Placer and Butte counties are so high that they are suspect. Officials will check monitors and readings to make certain that they are functioning properly, said Stanley Young of the California Air Resources Board.

Health advocates tell CALmatters’ Elizabeth Aguilera that the state should:

  • Better alert people to dangerous air.
  • Require counties to distribute respiratory masks, and mandate masks for those who work outside when air quality is unhealthy.
  • Better research the health impacts of wildfire smoke.

Lucas Zucker, Central Coast Alliance United for a Sustainable Economy: “Counties are the closest to the ground and run a lot of emergency management. But the counties are not going to prepare for it unless the state tells them to.”

This Capitol Public Radio story provides details about masks. The air board recommends respiratory masks labeled N95 or N100.

Check out your air quality by clicking here.

Audit questions high-speed rail

California auditor: Is bullet train on the right track?

California’s high-speed rail project has suffered from “flawed decision making and poor contract management,” which has led to billions in cost overruns and construction delays, State Auditor Elaine Howle reported Thursday.

  • Voters in 2008 approved a $9.9 billion bond as initial funding to build the high-speed rail linking Northern and Southern California at the urging of then-Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger.
  • The federal government kicked in $3.5 billion with a provision that it must be spent by 2022.
  • Gov. Jerry Brown, long a proponent of high-speed rail, earmarked 25 percent of cap-and-trade revenue to help fund the project.

The audit nonetheless cites what it calls a “precarious funding situation.”

The most recent cost estimate is $77.3 billion, although the project is being built in phases. The line from the Central Valley to the Silicon Valley, which is under construction, is estimated to cost $28 billion.

The audit: “The (California High-Speed Rail) Authority’s spending to date and future projections suggest that the risk of such additional cost increases is high.”

Dan Richard, the authority’s chairman: “Our commitment is that all the recommendations will be implemented. This is a big, complicated project. There are going to be mistakes. Our job it to be constantly reassessing and improving.”

What’s next for housing in California

Want the latest best thinking on the future of rent control and Proposition 13? CALmatters’ Matt Levin and the L.A. Times’ Liam Dillon break down the fate of housing-related measures in last week’s election on their Gimme Shelter podcast.

Politico California’s Angela Hart makes a guest appearance to discuss what’s known of Gov.-elect Gavin Newsom’s housing agenda.

Commentary at CALmatters

Andy Furillo: You learn a little bit about people when you politick them at their door. Mostly, you learn that they’re busy. They know the tax bill was wrong. They just don’t have time to yak about it. They have Little League games to get to.

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How did Kristin Olsen describe the Republican Party? Which television series was filmed at the Paramount Ranch, destroyed by the Woolsey Fire? Gov. Jerry Brown filled a Supreme Court seat; how long had it been vacant? Test your knowledge by clicking here.

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See you Monday.