So how many of us are there?

California, at last count, was home to an estimated 39.96 million people and counting. State demographers had anticipated we would cross the 40 million threshold sometime in the fall, but it hasn’t officially happened. For scale, it would take combining 21 of the smallest states plus the District of Columbia to match the size of California. And if you’re worried that Texas, the runner up with nearly 29 million people, is catching up, don’t fret: At its current growth rate, it would take Texas until 2047 to match California (assuming California doesn’t grow at all).

The state’s $2.9 trillion economy is the nation’s largest and the world’s the fifth-largest, surpassing the United Kingdom. Silicon Valley, Hollywood, sports franchises and other hallmark California sectors are usually credited for that. But we don’t just entertain, we also feed the nation. And people from around the world come to California to seek their fortunes. Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose and San Francisco are among the nation’s most populous cities.

But living here comes at a high cost. There’s a housing crisis and widespread poverty exacerbated by a yawning wealth gap.