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Starting Jan. 1, a new California law will require some businesses to re-classify independent contractors as employees — granting them benefits such as overtime pay and the right to join a union.

Businesses and organized labor both heavily lobbied lawmakers over the bill, and while some industries won exemptions, others did not.

The law is projected to change the employment status of 1 million workers, such as truckers, janitors, manicurists and gig economy workers. Throughout the debate, Uber and Lyft drivers received the bulk of the media’s attention since they embodied the fight: Do you want flexibility to work when you please? Or do you want set wages that come with job protections?

Drivers have been — and remain — split on that question as Gov. Gavin Newsom searches for a way to give them both.

Written by Assemblymember Lorena Gonzalez, of San Diego, the law codifies a California Supreme Court decision, and has already inspired legal challenges to overturn it — including one filed by freelance journalists — and a potential 2020 ballot measure to overturn it — which will be largely funded by ride-hailing services and DoorDash.

In this video, CalMatters’ economy reporter Judy Lin breaks down the new law in one minute.

CalMatters is building a video playlist to explains how various new laws will influence the lives of Californians. You can subscribe to our channel and check out other selections from the playlist below:

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Byrhonda Lyons is a national award-winning investigative reporter for CalMatters. She writes and produces compelling stories about California’s court and criminal system. Her reporting has uncovered...