In summary

The governor’s plan irritated legislators who objected to the last-minute brokering of the deal and its reliance on fossil fuels to keep the lights on.

The expansive energy bill that so angered clean-energy advocates and local officials — for its capitulation to short-term reliance on fossil-fuel and its closed-door negotiations — won lukewarm passage in California’s Legislature late Wednesday and was signed by Gov. Gavin Newsom today.

Republican members railed about being shut out of brokering the details of the plan that would manage California’s fragile electricity grid during summer power drains. Democrats saw the bill’s reliance on dirty energy sources to prop up power generation as a backward step.

During prolonged and pointed debate, the legislation was characterized as “lousy” and “crappy” — and those were the legislators who supported it.

Some of the bill’s language had softened after intense pressure. But those hard-won concessions were nearly negated just hours before the bill was put into print when Gov. Gavin Newsom’s administration added an entirely new and unexpected section.  It reopened the heated debate over the trailer bill, intended, in part, to prop up California’s overstretched power grid.

“This was a crappy trailer bill that was dumped on us Sunday night,” complained Assemblymember Al Muratsuchi, a Torrance Democrat. “This was a rushed, unvetted fossil-fuel heavy response.”

“It’s a lousy bill,” said Hayward Democratic Assemblymember Bill Quirk, “but it’s the best hope we have for keeping the lights on.”

They indicated their intent that the plan be “tweaked” later this summer.

In a statement he released after signing the bill, Newsom said: “Action is needed
now to maintain reliable energy service as the State accelerates the transition to
clean energy. This bill works to maintain reliability through extreme climate
events and a rapid energy transition while accelerating efforts to get clean
generation and storage online.”

The bill, the governor said, “does not facilitate the renewal or extension of any permit for expiring power plants.”

While the bill’s earlier version greatly expanded the authority of the state’s Energy Commission to site and quickly approve electric power projects, the current language does the same for the state Department of Water Resources. It will put the agency squarely in the energy business, giving it authority not only to buy power on the energy market, which it already does, but also to “construct, own and operate” power plants.

That section of the bill fails to mirror the accountability and compliance changes to other aspects of the legislation, made after intense pressure. Those changes include a requirement for public meetings and a role for local planning agencies to comment on, but still have no authority over, power projects. 

In addition, agencies such as the California Coastal Commission, the Department of Toxic Substances Control, the State Lands Commission, state and regional water boards and the San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission, and regional air boards regained their jurisdiction or oversight over aspects of the Energy Commission’s decisions.   

The latest provision, which required writing a new section into the California Water Code, removes jurisdiction of nearly all state and local agencies from the process and does not require compliance with existing state or local environmental laws. It gives the water agency broad prerogative to construct and operate power facilities anywhere it chooses, including sensitive coastal areas under the jurisdiction of the Coastal Commission.

The budget sets aside some $700 million to the Department of Water Resources to facilitate this new authority.

Learn more about legislators mentioned in this story

D

Bill Quirk

State Assembly, District 20 (Hayward)

State Assembly, District 20 (Hayward)

How he voted 2019-2020
Liberal Conservative
District 20 Demographics

Race/Ethnicity

Latino 28%
White 22%
Asian 37%
Black 7%
Multi-race 4%

Voter Registration

Dem 55%
GOP 13%
No party 27%
Other 4%
Campaign Contributions

Asm. Bill Quirk has taken at least $1.4 million from the Labor sector since he was elected to the legislature. That represents 35% of his total campaign contributions.

D

Al Muratsuchi

State Assembly, District 66 (Torrance)

State Assembly, District 66 (Torrance)

How he voted 2019-2020
Liberal Conservative
District 66 Demographics

Race/Ethnicity

Latino 23%
White 42%
Asian 26%
Black 5%
Multi-race 4%

Voter Registration

Dem 43%
GOP 27%
No party 25%
Other 6%
Campaign Contributions

Asm. Al Muratsuchi has taken at least $6.8 million from the Party sector since he was elected to the legislature. That represents 54% of his total campaign contributions.

Advocates for renewable energy and state and local governments were caught by surprise by the changes, which only came to light as the bill was published late Sunday night. Later they were critical of the inconsistency:  “repairing” one aspect of the legislation to tighten environmental oversight and preserve public inclusion in energy development decisions, but then adding new provisions carrying none of those requirements for accountability or transparency.

“It’s a massive shift, a game-changer,” said Kim Delfino, an environmental consultant. “This is a carte blanche approach — you can do this and you are not accountable to anyone. No daylight, no discussion. This was too massive a policy decision to be kept behind closed doors.”

Overall, the legislation is a broad attempt to streamline approval of solar, wind and geothermal projects, while scaling back reliance on fossil fuels. 

But the state’s policy is expected to prolong use of some natural-gas power plants, which are now scheduled to begin going offline next year. State officials already had delayed the closures by three years. 

The legislation attempts to address the reliability of California’s power supply during extreme weather and wildfires, suggesting that renewable energy sources are not yet sufficient to keep the lights on. But relying on aging fossil fuel plants is hardly a guarantee — a number of gas plants failed during last summer’s heat wave.

The bill could allocate billions to fossil fuel power sources, including to retrofit highly polluting diesel backup generators and keep gas power plants in operation. Those moves  appear to backpedal on California’s pledge to wring carbon from the state’s power grid in the coming decades in an effort to battle climate change.

“This budget agreement kicks the can down the road in the climate fight,” said Mike Young, political director of California Environmental Voters, in a statement. “The energy trailer bill sets a dangerous precedent and could undermine the state’s ultimate goal of building a clean, reliable electric grid that provides power to every community that needs it.” 

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Julie Cart joined CalMatters as a projects and environment reporter in 2016 after a long career at the Los Angeles Times, where she held many positions: sportswriter, national correspondent and environment...