In summary

Nineteen counties on a “watch list” due to coronavirus outbreaks must close indoor dining. One more county was added Thursday and another will join the list Friday.

Updated on July 2

Beaches and bars were just the beginning. California Gov. Gavin Newsom on Wednesday ordered indoor portions of restaurants, entertainment centers, museums and other businesses in counties with growing coronavirus outbreaks to shut down for at least three weeks.

As the Fourth of July weekend approaches, the indoor facilities must close in 19 “watch list” counties that are home to 72% of the state’s population.

Under the state order, restaurants, wineries, tasting rooms, movie theaters, family entertainment centers, zoos, museums and card rooms in those counties must close indoor facilities. Bars in those counties must close all operations, and many state beach parking lots also will be shut down this weekend, Newsom said.

“We have specifically targeted our operations to close indoor operations,” Newsom said during a press briefing Wednesday. “This doesn’t mean restaurants shut down.”

The impacted counties are Contra Costa, Fresno, Glenn, Imperial, Kern, Kings, Los Angeles, Merced, Orange, Riverside, Sacramento, San Bernardino, San Joaquin, Santa Barbara, Santa Clara, Solano, Stanislaus, Tulare and Ventura.

Counties are added to the watch list when they exceed metrics that indicate that they have rising numbers of infections and hospitalizations. All counties under the new restrictions had been on the state list for at least three days.

A 20th county, Monterey, with increasing infections was added to the watch list on Thursday, while a 21st, San Diego, will be added on Friday. If they stay on the list for three days, they will have to shut down indoor dining and other facilities by Monday.

On Tuesday, the state recorded 5,898 new cases, and 4,056 on Wednesday. California’s positive test rate has surged to 6.9% in the last week, up from 4.4 in mid-June.

Newsom said seven state agencies are convening new “strike teams” as part of stepped-up enforcement efforts for businesses operating in violation of health orders. 

“When people just thumb their nose, turn their back and put your life at risk, put their workers’ lives at risk, that’s why we have rules,” Newsom said. Of individuals who wear face masks as mandated by the state, he said, “It’s a sign of someone who gives a damn.”

Indoor social settings are particularly concerning for local officials because they lack air circulation and people have difficulty wearing masks while eating or drinking, said Olivia Kasirye, Sacramento County’s public health officer, in a Wednesday town hall. 

“Those are settings that can easily lead to a higher risk of infection,” Kasiyre said. “People might feel fine, and we’ve heard this over and over again in our contact tracing.”

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The announcements follow several days of warnings about more aggressive state action to curb record numbers of COVID-19 infections in the past week, which have pushed the state past 6,100 deaths and 240,000 cases. On Sunday, the governor began “toggling back” some local reopenings by ordering bars to close in seven counties, including Los Angeles, and recommending that others on a growing state watch list do the same.

“I know these closures are frustrating and it is heartbreaking to think we are losing ground,” said Los Angeles County Director of Public Health Barbara Ferrer. “These immediate actions give us a chance to regain control over the increased spread.” 

Local governments have responded with a patchwork of closures during what is usually the summer’s busiest weekend. 

Many residents are confused by the patchwork. In Los Angeles County, beaches will be closed from Friday until Monday morning. Newport Beach, which has two infected lifeguards and more than 20 others in quarantine, and Laguna Beach closed beaches for Saturday and Sunday, while Seal Beach’s and Huntington Beach’s will be closed only Saturday. San Diego is so far keeping beaches open but has implemented some restrictions on parking and indoor structures at area parks.

The new order means that no indoor dining rooms are open in Southern California for at least three weeks except in San Diego County.

For Laurie Porter, who with her husband opened Smog City Brewing in Torrance nine years ago, the crackdown is just the latest of several scrambles since March. With to-go orders and shipping now up and running — and a “Quarantine Machine” IPA still flying out the door — she said opening and reclosing is hard on her 25 employees seeking stability.

Porter will join other owners of bars and restaurants on a call Thursday with the Los Angeles County health department to clarify what is and isn’t allowed. As it stands, restaurants can serve outdoors, but breweries with on-site kitchens and outdoor seating cannot. 

“This feels like a knee-jerk reaction to a lot of bars and restaurants who were not meeting regulation, and it’s disregarding the ones that were,” Porter said. “I think we’re really just looking for transparency.”

While Porter said her business is focused on health first, she’s still processing what the disruption will mean longer term.

“The way our business works will be different forever now,” Porter said. “There’s going to be a really, really long tail before we go back to business as usual.”

For the health care industry, testing is also an ongoing area of concern, after Newsom reported a drop to 87,000 COVID-19 tests on Tuesday from some 105,00 tests on both Sunday and Monday. The state is also “pausing” a multi-million dollar test expansion effort in under-served rural towns and inner-city neighborhoods, the Los Angeles Times reported Wednesday, due to the program’s high costs.

The new closures illustrate growing geographic divides in the pandemic’s toll on health of Californians.

Hospitalization rates are growing quickly in southern counties, including Imperial, San Bernardino and Los Angeles, the latter of which now accounts for nearly half of all cases statewide. Rural Central Valley counties with limited health infrastructure, including King, Stanislaus and San Joaquin, are also among those with the highest per-capita hospitalization rates and suspected new cases, a CalMatters analysis of state data shows. In Los Angeles County, nearly 1,900 people are hospitalized, the largest number since early May.

In Northern California, where hospitalizations are still rising but at a slower pace, beaches have largely reopened in Santa Cruz and Marin counties, so long as visitors keep their distance. Some jurisdictions have voluntarily slowed or “paused” reopening plans, including more densely populated San Francisco, Alameda and Sacramento counties. Bars in the state capital were also ordered closed on Monday, and of particular concern in the Bay Area is a spiraling outbreak at San Quentin State Prison, where more than 1,000 cases have overwhelmed the health system.

“None of this should surprise any of us,” Newsom said. “As we reopen our economy, as more people mix, we’re going to see an increase in spread.” 

Cleverson Davis, a waiter at Palermo Italian Restaurant in San Jose, tends to customers on June 5, 2020. Outdoor parts of restaurants can remain open in the state’s 19 “watch list” counties. Photo by Dai Sugano, Bay Area News Group

Before Newsom announced the new restrictions today, he also extended some programs to ease the harsh economic toll of the virus, though largely keeping with a strategy to leave it up to local officials to decide what to ultimately implement. 

Among the new authorizations in the executive order signed Tuesday night are the option for local governments to halt evictions for renters impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic through Sept. 30 — a move that housing advocates say is necessary to prevent a wave of mass displacement in high-cost areas. The measure also extends remote marriage and drivers license options, waives some Medi-Cal eligibility reviews and lengthens the window for confirmation of some state appointees. 

Some 16 million Californians — more than half of all adults in the state — have seen their income fall since shelter-in-place orders in mid-March, according to a Census Bureau survey last month, which has strained state safety-net programs for housing, food and unemployment benefits. 

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Lauren covers the state economy for CalMatters, with a focus on jobs and business regulation. Her past stories have been published by the New York Times, the L.A. Times, the Guardian, Slate and the BBC....