The University of California and the UC lecturers union reached an agreement after years of negotiating, heading off a planned strike. In addition to raises, the lecturers secured job stability promises following a CalMatters investigation showing how tenuous their employment is.
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The University of California’s 6,500 lecturers called off their planned strike today after winning long-sought concessions from UC management — including salary increases of about 30% over five years for its members and job stability promises.
The deal, brokered around 4 a.m., followed two days of marathon bargaining sessions and capped off a labor impasse that began nearly three years ago.
“What changed is that we were really going to go on strike,” said Mia McIver, president of the union of lecturers, the University Council-American Federation of Teachers. “They understood how angry our members were.”
The work stoppage would have cancelled as much as a third of undergraduate instruction at the nation’s premier public university system.
Union officials called for the strike over the weekend to mount pressure on the UC’s negotiators. Numerous state lawmakers have been urging the UC to settle the labor dispute, blaming the university for the impasse. Aiding the union was a commitment from more than 800 senior faculty to cancel classes in solidarity with the striking lecturers.
UC President Michael Drake called the deal “a great agreement” at today’s UC Board of Regents meeting. The tentative contract “means more job security and other important benefits for our valued lecturers.”
The union and UC management signed a summary document outlining the new contract’s details this morning. The full terms will be spelled out later today. Union members will then vote on whether to approve the contract sometime in the next two weeks.
Lecturers are UC instructors who typically have doctorate degrees but lack the job stability and pay that tenure and tenured-track faculty receive. A CalMatters investigation found that a quarter of lecturers leave their jobs annually. Their short-term contracts can last just a few months before they must re-apply, their pay averages around $32,000 because of limited work opportunities, and there is no system of performance reviews to determine when and how a lecturer can be rehired.
The deal addresses many of those concerns and includes:
- Annual pay raises of 7%, 3%, 3%, 3%, and 4% for all lecturers plus a higher bump for the lowest-paid lecturers and other increases based on merit;
- Employment contracts of one, two and then three years;
- Extensive performance reviews at the end of the two- and three-year contracts and a shorter written review following a one-year appointment;
- Rehiring rights if work is available for lecturers who passed their reviews;
- More compensation for lecturers who teach classes with more than 200 students or that have heavy writing components.
Other details were nonbinding, such as language saying academic departments may assign lecturers additional part-time work if it becomes available.
“But the big fight was to create viable, teaching-focused career pathways for people who want them and I really think we’ve accomplished that,” McIver said.
As recently as 8:30 p.m. Tuesday the union was still prepared to strike after bargaining with the UC since 9 that morning.
The threat of the strike was technically over accusations of the UC’s unfair labor practices rather than the larger contract terms. That distinction is important: By law the union couldn’t strike over the contract because they were in state-led mediation with the UC. Adding to the confusion, the UC and lecturers have also been negotiating directly.
Ilse Aguilar, a senior at UCLA, said she would have supported the lecturers had they gone on strike instead. “I would not have been mad because I understand, being someone who’s worked full time before and has tried to unionize as well,” she said.
Dozens in attendance were students of UCLA’s labor studies program. Studies professor Kent Wong said his students were following the lecturer collective bargaining saga and were prepared to picket with the lecturers. “It is much better to have a victory celebration than a striker rally,” Wong said, who also directs the UCLA Labor Center.
The lecturer union and UC settled a key unfair labor practice gripe. Lecturers will now get four weeks of paid family leave at 100% of pay; previously the UC was offering paid leave at 70% and only for lecturers who worked more than 1,250 hours in a year, which excluded most of the workforce because so many work part time. The union was asking for eight weeks of paid leave.
The lecturer union victory has national implications, said Randi Weingarten, president of the American Federation of Teachers. She flew in to California to support the lecturer union at UCLA. The new contract is “a giant step to eliminate precarity and a giant step to create decency” for lecturers and adjuncts in other states, she said. The deal is a “transformation that frankly, no one else across the country has gotten,” she said.
Lecturers didn’t win everything they wanted. The UC still won’t pay into a lecturer’s Social Security if the lecturer works less than 50% of what’s considered full-time. Lecturers in that situation also don’t receive UC retirement contributions. The lecturers didn’t get a promise of a neutral arbitration committee to settle workload disputes nor changes to grievance procedures.
Union members celebrated the overall arrangement.
“I’ve never been a part of a campaign that allied so closely with my professional and personal goals,” said David Walter, a UC Berkeley lecturer and organizer for the union, in an email. “Nothing whatsoever disappoints me about this agreement, or the campaign that got us here.”
The true test to him is how the UC applies the deal. “It’s like launching a boat from dry dock,” he said. “We trust that it will be seaworthy.”
The UC workforce has a churn problem. About a quarter of the more than 6,000 lecturers at the University of California don’t return annually. Relatively low pay and little job stability are some of the reasons why, a CalMatters analysis shows. If lecturers strike, more than a third of classes will be canceled.