Legislators appear ready to finally give their staff the right to unionize. But a final change would allow new lawmakers to dismiss their predecessor’s staffers.
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The effort to allow California’s legislative staff to unionize — at least 23 years in the works — is nearly across the finish line.
But to win enough support from their bosses, significant changes were made: New lawmakers would be able to dismiss their predecessor’s staffers. In July, the bill was amended to push back when the union could organize from 2024 to 2026.
The watered-down version passed the Senate Tuesday on a 30-3 vote, won final passage today in the Assembly and goes to the governor.
The bill’s author, Assemblymember Tina McKinnor, a Democrat from Inglewood, pumped her fists outside the Senate chamber, and said this bill was the reason that she ran for office last year.
“I have tears. This is like my baby,” McKinnor said.
“It’s just time that we support our staff, that we see them, that we make sure that they don’t have a hostile environment to work under,” she told reporters after the bill’s passage. “Because this is some tough work. And we need the brightest and the best to do the people’s work.”
During the debate, Sen. Brian Dahle, a Redding Republican, said he was conflicted about the bill, but noted that during the long days leading up to adjournment on Thursday, staffers don’t get paid overtime.
This is at least the fifth time a bill to allow staff to unionize has been introduced. The first such attempt was in 2000. Critics have pointed to the absence of collective bargaining for their own employees as one way legislators don’t follow the laws they pass for everyone else.
Past efforts have failed because of concerns that a union could get in the way of elected officials representing their constituents, as well as undermining the autonomy of how lawmakers run their offices.
What changed this year?
In addition to dozens of amendments over the past few years, McKinnor, a former legislative staff member herself, is the new leader of the Public Employment and Retirement Committee where the bill has repeatedly failed. The Assembly’s leaders made it Assembly Bill 1, and it has more than 40 co-authors from both chambers — including both the former and current Assembly speakers.
After final passage, Speaker Robert Rivas praised the bipartisan vote and the staff. “The right of workers to unionize is essential, and it is critical our own legislative staff enjoy the same protections we have afforded to other workers in California,” he said in a statement.
McKinnor is among 21 Assemblymembers and five senators who previously worked as Legislative staff members.
Learn more about legislators mentioned in this story
State Assembly, District 61 (Inglewood)
State Assembly, District 61 (Inglewood)
Time in office
Non-Profit Director / Businesswoman
Asm. Tina McKinnor has taken at least $441,000 from the Labor sector since she was elected to the legislature. That represents 35% of her total campaign contributions.
Lorena Gonzalez Fletcher — a former Assemblymember who carried legislative unionization bills in 2018, 2019 and 2021, and who is now head of the California Labor Federation — said this bill is one of the most important for the federation this year.
If the bill is signed into law, about 1,800 full-time staffers employed by the Legislature would join statehouse workers from Oregon, the first state to allow unionizing. And congressional staffers won the right to unionize last year — which helped convince some lawmakers.
The bill allows collective bargaining, but it would be up to staff to organize and win approval for a union.
And while some concerns remain about the “constitutionality and functionality of the bill,” according to the Senate floor analysis — such as a lack of language addressing strikes, mediation, or arbitration — Gonzalez Fletcher said those details need to be addressed through contract negotiations, and would be inappropriate to include in legislation.
The analysis also notes: “While other issues remain, it is also true that very few legislative projects pass in perfect form. The need for ongoing clarification and improvement would not be unique to this bill.”
McKinnor said she isn’t worried about the bill winning final approval in the Assembly, and is similarly optimistic about the governor signing the bill, though she acknowledged there was still work to be done.
“I don’t want to jinx myself, again, I don’t want to get too excited, because I have one more step to go.” she said. “I have faith that he will sign the deal. But I look forward to meeting him and his staff to talk about it.”
more on the staff union effort
Legislative leaders declared support for a bill to let staffers finally form a union, but the newly amended bill wouldn’t allow one until 2026.
State legislators sometimes exempt themselves from the laws they pass, but this session, they could change course on an emblematic bill: To allow their own staffers to form a union.